One-to-Many and Many-to-Many relations on the same objects using ActiveRecord

ActiveRecord is an incredibly powerful tool but the Rails Guides doesn’t cover every possible situation and the ActiveRecord’s official documentation is huge. Find something you are looking for can be hard. If you have to do something strange and you have no time to search you have to hope someone had got the same problem and posted it on StackOverflow or on its own blog.

Recently I have to modelize a relation where a resource belongs to an entity and contemporary is related to N other entities.

The One-to-Many relation is easy: use belongs_to and has_many. The other part is harder because you need to use a connection table (HABTM doesn’t work) and you need to rename relation because its name is already taken.

You can use a connection table using through attribute:

has_many :connection_table
has_many :items, through: :connection_table

and rename a has_many through relation using source attribute:

has_many :related_items, through: :connection_table, source: :items

Problem solved:

class Resource < ActiveRecord::Base
belongs_to :entity
has_many :connections
has_many :related_entities,
through: :connections, source: :entity


class Entity < ActiveRecord::Base
has_many :resources
has_many :connections
has_many :related_resources,
through: :connections, source: :resource


class Connection < ActiveRecord::Base
belongs_to :entity
belongs_to :resource

Thanks to @olinicola for the advises 🙂