How a self-hosted WordPress can get bigger

When your WordPress blog gets bigger and traffic grows you have to handle cache. No excuse: is a fast, cheap and optimized way to deal with traffic problems.

W3 Total Cache and WP Super Cache are the most popular plugins to handle cache on WordPress which works well but I don’t like them. They are a good choice only if you don’t have many customizations or some hardware constrain. Recently I had many problems with both two because of other caching systems and some problems on the server.

Now if I have to activate cache on a production stack formed by Apache + PHP-CGI + WordPress I certainly choose nginx.

Using nginx you can activate a fully customized cache layer in front of your website. Unfortunately WordPress doesn’t support nginx cache natively. You need a plugin to deal with it: the WordPress Nginx proxy cache integrator. The code is below:

function add_xaccel_header() {
// Set the X-Accel-Expires header to never cache the page
// if it looks like the page needs to be tailored
// for a user.
$user_cookie_there = false;
foreach($_COOKIE as $key => $value){
if( preg_match('/wordpress_(?!test_cookie)|comment_author|wp-postpass/', $key) ){
$user_cookie_there = true;
header("X-Accel-Expires: 0");

The plugin sets a cookie to enable nginx to discriminate between logged and guest user and not cache pages for authors. Default behavior for nginx is to not cache any pages if a cookie is set.

After you had set this plugin you can put nginx in front of Apache. The authors of the plugin suggest an optimal configuration but I prefer a simpler one written by my friend @dani_viga on his blog.

[UPDATE 2013-03-05] Look at the post (finally public :))

In addition, to speed up IO (server’s NAS has some latency problems), we use a ramdrive to store cache files. We also had to disable mod_deflate in order to solve some problems when you active gzip compression before nginx.

Now average response time is under 100 ms, static contents are served without Apache and there is no potentially problematic plugin to manage. And purge cache takes less then 3 secs. 😀